The various types of Social Science Research

The various types of Social Science Research

Social science is an umbrella term that refers to the plurality of disciplines that facilitate the study of society such as anthropology, sociology, economics, psychology, political science and in some contexts history, geography and law. Social science research can basically fall into more than three categories. The three broad categories of research in social science that an essay writer should know are are quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods.

Quantitative research in social sciences usually involves collecting and analyzing that is relevant to a given research problem and converting it into numerical form so that mathematical and statistical calculations can be made. The conclusion of this type of research is therefore based on such statistical calculations. Qualitative research on the other hand involves the collection of data that can help uncover the deeper meaning of human behavior and experience. Notably, qualitative research doesn’t necessarily aims at generalizing the findings of a given study to a larger population.

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Mixed methods are yet another approach of social science research.  This pragmatic approach involves using the methods most suitable in collecting and analyzing particular type of data without necessarily worrying much whether the method falls under qualitative or quantitative methods. This type of research appreciates that both qualitative and quantitative research methods can complement each other if utilized properly. This type of approach has a great advantage of triangulation. Triangulation is one of the ways of ensuring credibility of your research and it includes among other things; the use of multiple theories to interpret the results, the use of variety of data sources, the use of multiple methods to study a given research problem and the use of different researchers.

Research in social science can also be classified as basic research, applied research and action research. Basic research is the research that is carried out for the sake of the knowledge. This type of research normally tends to lead to theoretical development which may or may not have a practical application. The results of this type of academic research are normally disseminated through academic media. Applied research is intended to lead to the solution of specific problems. Action research starts from the view that research should lead to change and that change should therefore be incorporated in the research process. Participants in this type of research are likely to learn a lot from the process itself. It then follows that there are several categories in which research in social sciences can fall.

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The Various parts of a Research Proposal

The Various parts of a Research Proposal

A research proposal is a formal academic document that aims at convincing others that you have a viable research problem that you are capable of studying within a specified time frame. It then follows that there is a conventional format of writing academic proposals. An acceptable research proposal should have the following key elements: title, abstract, introduction, literature review, methodology and a list of references. It is good to keep in mind that a proposal is judged by both its content and format.

An acceptable research proposal should have a well defined topic that should come from an area that you are enthusiastic about. Different writing styles have different regulations when it comes to writing the tile of your research proposal. An abstract is an important part of your research proposal and it aims at telling the reader what your research proposal is all about in a limited number of words.

The introduction is yet another important part of your research proposal that aims at setting the context of your research problem. This part also aims at providing some background information about your research problem.

The introduction chapter is followed by the literature review. This is where you are expected to review the relevant literature and theories in relation to your proposed study. This is the part that you that you actually demonstrate that you understand the various lines of argument that have been advanced in your area of study. Literature review is very important as it helps you to further focus your research problem. It also helps in avoiding duplication of research.

The methodology is normally the chapter that comes after the literature review. Here the researcher is expected to clearly indicate how he/she aims at tackling the research problem. This is the chapter where the researcher is supposed to show that he/she also understands alternative methods. It is however worth to note that the types of methods applicable in a given research are determined by the category under which the research falls. For example, the research methods in qualitative research are different from those applied in quantitative research. Notably, some fields utilize both the elements of qualitative and quantitative research in what is commonly referred to as mixed methods.

The reference forms another important of a research proposal. References help the readers to track your sources of information. In other words, you will have to acknowledge all the sources of information used in order to increase the credibility of your work.

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